American Arthur Duray was the first man to drive at more than 80 miles an hour,...

American, Arthur Duray, was the first man to drive at more than 80 miles per hour, when the veteran professional driver covered the flying kilometer in 26.8 seconds at Ostende, Belgium on 17 July 1903

Here’s another interesting tidbit from New Atlas

AEG Electric Railcar | 130.7 mph (210.3 km/h)

October 28, 1903 | Marienfelde, Germany | Outright land speed record

On 28 October 1903, an experimental railcar with an AEG drivetrain was timed at 210.3 km/h,...

With the car speed record fast closing on the steam train’s speed record, the next contender came from left field, as experimentation with the electric train pushed the world land speed record out of reach of the automobile once more.

A 23 km section of electric rail infrastructure was created from a former military railway by the German Society for the Study of Electrical Rapid Transit, a consortium led by General Electric, Siemens & Halske, the industrial giant Krupp and several major German banks.

The test track played host to two competing electric drive systems for the 50-person trolley cars that were constructed – one railcar was fitted with three-phase AC electrical equipment supplied by AEG and the other with similar equipment supplied by Siemens & Halske. Both vehicles exceeded 124 mph (200 km/h), with the Siemens & Halske railcar setting an initial record of 126 mph (203 km/h) and eventually reaching 128 mph (206 km/h). On 28 October 1903, the AEG railcar was timed at 130.7 mph (210.3 km/h), a new absolute land speed record.